How to monitor availability of any web site?
The main feature of HostTracker monitoring service is the regular checks of web sites with monitoring intervals from 1 minute. Moreover, the HostTracker’s dedicated global monitoring checkpoints network currently includes more than 140 servers all over the world.
The main feature of HostTracker monitoring service is the regular checks of websites with monitoring intervals from 1 minute. Moreover, the HostTracker’s dedicated global monitoring checkpoints network currently includes more than 140 servers all over the world.
Each test is simulating the visit of a real user. If this imaginary visitor is able to load the site – everything is ok, otherwise – the site is revised again by a certain algorithm (just to be sure). Then, if an error was identified, it is recorded in the database and the notification of unavailability is sent. This is the easiest way to check the site’s availability. If you are interested, HostTracker has a great deal of more sophisticated tests to offer.
Types of tools for web accessibility evaluation
Here are some quick checks you can start with immediately that will move your web site toward better accessibility. It is worth noting that these checks support different protocols.
- HTTP - this is an ordinary request, which is obtained from the user's browser.
- Ping – helps to test site or server network connectivity.
- TCP-port - tests the site-to-application connectivity.
- Database Check - a health check which can ensure that the web server can connect to the database and can also help in monitoring of other vital features. For those seeking a possibility to check the data on the page, there is a content check function. In this case, the virtual client is not just logging in, but also looking for the presence or absence of certain words and phrases. This feature helps you to detect whether some important section of the text has been lost. Moreover, it helps you to spot any mistakes on the page at once.
- With HostTracker service you can also monitor the response and loading time of your web site. Furthermore, the corresponding data is being written to the inspection logs.
Armed with all these tests, you’ll be eager to collect extensive and thorough information about your web site. You’ll be entitled to know when, why and how did your web site stop working. For example, when the network, server or web site itself are down. Moreover, by using HostTracker, you can immediately detect when web site performance goes down and omit causing any inconveniences for your users. Or even more – you can easily recognize when some data isn’t regularly retrieved from the database. All these tools can help you pinpoint and rectify performance and speed issues with any publicly available web site. It, definitely, saves your time! And, in this case, downtime is small.
Almost all HostTracker’s customers are eager to reach 99% or higher uptime. By the way, the data from this service could be a good support in your future confrontations with hosting partner. Truly, many HostTracker’s customers have found a reliable web hosting partner or made him fulfill all promises and commitments according to the contract.
- HostTracker provides options for monitoring the domain and SSL certificate expiry dates. This problem seems to be handled easily, as the registrar sends alert notifications, but history provides plenty of notification neglect examples. Dropping the domain name is a widely spread problem. Actually, Microsoft has encountered it twice.
- Also HostTracker is one of the best resources that can help to find out if your IPs or domains are on some SPAM-database (so called DNSBL). Apparently, if it seems that you're engaged in spamming or other unwanted online behaviour, your IPs or domain could get blacklisted and blocked. The blacklist usually contains email servers suspected of spreading spam or servers that have been infested with some nasty malware etc.
Most Internet service providers and web servers use these blacklists to detect IPs linked to computers with pervading spam or unwanted activity. And the problem is: you can be blacklisted accidentally and be unaware about it. If it happens, your rankings will go down or disappear entirely. You can be truly innocent of any deliberate wrongdoing and still be on the list. For example, if you share your web hosting with someone unreliable. With this monitoring function you can be always aware if your company’s domain name is blacklisted and be ready to deal with it. You're likely to come across contacting the list by email or passing through some sort of automatic procedures in order to prove that you are not a robot when you’ll be trying to get off a blacklist.
HostTracker service settings
All above-mentioned checks teem with the wide variety of options:
- Maintenance planning and scheduling – allows you, for instance, not to catch the errors during the server upgrade period.
- Checks from a particular location- as outlined above, there is a huge network of global monitoring checkpoints, and it is possible to choose only regions with potential clientele:
- Delay alerts – this option will postpone alert notifications for a specified time span; manage notifications in line with the importance of issues; control the life cycle of both alerts and their notifications.
As regards alert notifications option, clients will find themselves spoiled for choice. HostTracker provides notifications via e-mail, SMS and, by extension, via Skype, Viber, Hangouts and voice call. The most striking one - POST request. There is a possibility to send a request to a specific web server (e.g. to restart the web site automatically).
HostTracker service has an API, which allows pieces of software to interact. It is considered as a contract provided by one piece of computer software to another.
The next HostTracker’s advantage is that the service doesn’t require a lot of system resources (e.g. installation any client software). Almost all features are operating using cloud services, and can be configured with only HostTracker’s web site tools. And service settings, definitely, won’t take much time!
Generally speaking, the service is still being developed, as well as, the monitoring network expands, new tools pop up and so on. Considering new tools, they are being developed in response to the requests made by clients. Please don’t hesitate to contact HostTracker’s admins if you have any further suggestions about extra tools which yet aren’t provided by the service.
How to activate API for your Host-Tracker account
HostTracker API uses widespread XML and JSON formats. Interactions with API are made by HTTP methods GET, POST, PUT, DELETE, PATCH.
To activate API for your HostTracker account, one should write a request to email@example.com, with the login specified.
API stands for "application programming interface". It is one of the features for HostTracker website monitoring service, which is implemented in preset list of HTTP requests and HTTP responses for maintaining and adjusting HostTracker features for your convenience. It provides possibility to develop applications which will automatically cooperate with HostTracker service, instead of manual adjustments via user interface.
HostTracker API uses widespread XML and JSON formats. Interactions with API are made by HTTP methods GET, POST, PUT, DELETE, PATCH.
To activate API for your HostTracker account, one should write a request to firstname.lastname@example.org, with the login specified.
REST API description:
SOAP API description:
Perhaps your IP-address is already blacklisted but you don’t even know ...
Anyone can be blacklisted – so what can you do? How can you detect such problem? Are there any protection mechanisms? This is what this article is about.
Are you sure that your domain isn’t currently listed with some anti SPAM-database? We recommend you to check this out! As you can be one of those who accidentally fall into being blocked due to spreading spam, malware, viruses or just having dangerous, illegal or prohibited content (links to such content) hosted on their pages. Apparently, anyone can be blacklisted – so what can you do? How can you detect such problem? Are there any protection mechanisms? This is what this article is about.
Why is this happening?
There are tens of thousands of different DNSBL-servers up for grabs out there and they all have their own set standards and criteria for which IP should be blacklisted. Moreover, these conditions are constantly changing. Therefore, there’s no guarantee that even a law-abiding domain which meets all standards of copyright and trademark laws, the laws of privacy and publicity, and other applicable regulations and statutes of law, one day wouldn’t be filtered out by the search engine as one that spreads spam.
Actually, HostTracker’s team recently faced the risk of being banned too. HostTracker, in its capacity as a website monitoring service, sends daily many various reports to the people that requesting them, hence it was easy to determine that some of our emails hadn’t been delivered and were dumped into a spam folder.
So what should you do?
Understanding the problem is the first step to fixing it. So it’s crucial to be aware of the warning signs of listing threat and be able to quickly take steps to cut back if you recognize them. Since we recommend adopting our new feature - "DNSBL" on the "Check site instantly" bar - we have implemented just for you:
This option is not exactly brand new, as there are dozens of different check services out there (for instance, Mxtoolbox), which offer a convenient help in testing whether your domain is on some blacklists. But soon we realized that we also needed to arm HostTracker with this check, as without having had such tool in place, we were flying blind.
In light of what was written above, we provide the illustration of how the "DNSBL" check works:
If HostTracker detects some suspicious activity from your IP address, you’ll be notified immediately with an alert of a possible listing reason. For you it means - the ability to track the reason why the site was blocked to its origins.
Usually, the domain will be blocked not at once but only after a thorough analysis of many factors. If you have already discovered your IP on one or more blacklists, don’t panic, more often than not, all you need to do is to follow their specific removal process. That implies, you should visit the corresponding blacklist's website and, following the removal instructions, enter the domain name and press "Delist". Additionally, you may need to contact the blacklist with a removal request. Note that, previously you have to resolve all issues that caused the blacklist.
So, if you happen to discover your IP address involved in spamming – resolve the underlying issues and you’ll be removed automatically, once a certain period of time elapses. How to stay protected and off of blacklists? The best option is to use PTR or SPF for messaging, as this’ll eliminate the likelihood of your domain name getting fraudulently spoofed and abused by spammers, or blocked for appearing to use a dynamic IP address.
There's no single cause of being blacklisted. Generally speaking, if your IP has been tagged illegal accidentally, the removal process won’t take much time and effort. But it is essential to be proactive, so that to be able to act fast and be in tune with such situations. The sooner you find out about the issues, the easier they are to deal with and the more likely that your domain name won’t be deemed illegal among the entire set of DNSBL databases. Use our new option "DNSBL" on the "Check site instantly" bar to be always aware of the "status" of your resource and never be tossed and turned by the tides of website hassles and outages. Remember, we’re looking forward to any interesting comments and suggestions regarding our service and its work.
Put your website content in your control
HostTracker provides a full, digestible look at your website content. Our service will track any changes on your favorite webpages without a need to visit them frequently. In this article you'll get to know about:
▶ Why is it so important;
▶ Instrument Settings.
HostTracker provides a full, digestible look at your website content. Our service will track any changes on your favorite webpages without a need to visit them frequently.
Why is it so important?
Imagine you bought a series of articles for your website and each of these articles should contain phrases - like “choosing the right web host”, “a reliable website hosting service”, “web hosting performance testing” etc. - would you rather do a hands-on check? No, you definitely wouldn’t. Because you know, it’d be inconvenient and time-consuming! So what should you do? First and foremost, use HostTracker, it will help you to analyze and implement any needed changes to the website content based on what the Check is showing. For activating a new Content Check, fill out the URL of your website (or check ‘Add list’ to track a list of pages), add keywords you want to monitor and set the monitoring interval ranging from one minute to one day. It doesn’t matter which interval you choose for this particular instrument, as you need to hit this check once only. Plus, in case of any website incidents as well as when the relevant data is missing on your website, you’ll be notified at once via email, phone, Skype or other available messenger.
On the other hand, regular checks are also vital. To illustrate, let’s imagine, you’ve got a high performance website that requires continuous monitoring and a ‘Today’s Deals’ option on your page is disappearing from time to time. And right now there is someone who has a need to check your ‘Today’s Deals’ bar, but the website issues are stopping him from camping on your webpage. So could you risk by not knowing what elements can affect your website performance? OR what your visitors are experiencing on your webpage right now? Bet you couldn’t.
Therefore, for those seeking a possibility to check the data on the page, understand what’s wrong and fix the problem quickly without spending much time for diagnostics, HostTracker has developed a Content Check function. It’ll scan your webpage, for example, every one minute and notify you if particular word is missing. Even if your database was unavailable when the backup was running, armed with this tool, you’ll be able to spot your website weak points and the source of the problem at once.
It takes a little time to set up a new Content Check. Sign up, then log in to HostTracker’s home page and push ‘Add check’ on the main page screen. From drop-down list pick up ‘Content check’ and wait till the Check window pops up prompting you to fill out the form.
Add the URL, keywords and choose whether you need to track the presence or absence of particular phrases. If needed, set up additional options you want. Finally, click on ‘Save’. Now you’re ready for monitoring!
As soon as the platform detects the missing/existing keywords, you’ll get alert notification with corresponding data provided by email or any other way. HostTracker is saturated with a vast range of messengers to choose.
Don't waste time, improve your website content efficiency with us. Just add your websites and contacts - we'll do the rest! Our service is still developing, so your suggestions in this regard will be greatly appreciated.
Some secrets of content monitoring
HostTracker provides the best practice for monitoring both content changes and website availability. HostTracker’s tools allow you to check whether your webpage loads correctly and test it for errors as frequently as you’d like. Additionally, you'll know:
▶ Why do we need that?
▶ Service Settings;
▶ Content Check Methods.
HostTracker provides the best practice for monitoring both content changes and website availability. HostTracker’s tools allow you to check whether your webpage loads correctly and test it for errors as frequently as you’d like. Moreover, our service will be the best assistance in tracking websites with complex structure.
Why do we need that?
With “Content Check” you can spot the presence/absence of specific words on your page, as well as, to monitor the integrity of the website. However, it shows that it is insufficient to enable clear conclusions about the webpage performance. And there will certainly come a point in the life when questions like these arise: “Does the data load completely from the database?” “Are there any missing items on my page?” “What if my website is being hacked right now?” etc.
Little time for writing a simple script on your site - and you can check whatever you want. Server scripts come in handy when there is a need to keep an eye on any changes in website performance. To illustrate, you can write a script which will display “OK” provided everything is operating fine or there is enough disk space. If it happens that the website seems to be available, but actually “Error connect to mysql” pops up, then it’s highly recommended to tune the monitoring function for tracking the absence of a word, in particular, the word “Error”. To the boot of all that, this function can be used as a stopgap to identify obscene comments or suspicious activity until more sophisticated alternatives can be found. Notably, unwanted activity can be tracked by detecting the keywords of virus scripts.
The “Content Check” tool is easy to use and the results are crystal-clear for understanding. Moreover, our service is cloud-based, so you don’t need to install any additional software. Interestingly, the same check let hit HTTP load-testing and collects all statistics you need. Simultaneously, you can carry on website speed and response time tests and, by extension, pinpoint whether your IPs is blacklisted with one of nearly seventy DNS based blacklists.
Are you ready to start monitoring your website content? Let’s go! First and foremost, type the URL of your website into the space provided (or click on “Add list” - if you need to monitor a bulk of websites). Please, pay attention to the “Content Check” field – complete blank space with keywords you wish to monitor, use commas to separate words. It’s worth noting that HostTracker will keep you always updated on your webpage performance, and if, for instance, the presence/absence status of the certain phrases ever changes, you’ll be notified immediately by email and/ or by phone.
Additionally, there are some additional content monitoring options. The first advantage of using them is that, they give you the opportunity to choose only words or phrases that you want/don’t want to show on your website. The second advantage is that, in case of defining a series of keywords, both the disappearance of all words and a single one cause the error. A tick next to “Follow redirect” reflects that the request is forwarded to the target page (defined in the Redirection).
For more configuration options, click on “Advanced options” drop-down list. Make sure your desired method is set up in the “HTTP method” area.
Available HTTP methods:
GET (default parameter value) - is used to retrieve information from the Request-URI for keywords search.
POST – gets a content body used to send specific parameters and data. It tests the functionality and correctness of the website forms.
To sum up, HostTracker incorporates a lot of powerful tools - you're bound to find something you'll like!
Domains: do they have afterlife?
Every year, millions of domain names are lost. What happens after domain expires? How long will your domain wait for you before someone grabs it? And how to omit this?
Monitor your domains for any changes. You can keep an eye on the state of available domains which you like, but don’t forget your own ones too. There is a wide variety of services, like HostTracker, which provide an easy, efficient way to track any changes of domain’s state.
Domains: do they have afterlife?
Everyone may face the problem of losing the domain name. Every year, millions of domain names are lost. Mostly, it happens unintentionally, the owners miss the renewal notices for various reasons and they do not figure out that they are in the process of losing their prized domain until it is too late! In this article you will get to know about the most known examples of domain expirations. Moreover, we will see that big companies, such as Microsoft, Foursquare, Yatra, are also insecure to "the drop game". Additionally, you will find out how to keep the domain name if you forget to pay for domain renewal. How long will your domain wait for you before someone grabs it? And how to omit this using HostTracker's Domain expiration and Certificate expiration functions?
How Microsoft lost hotmail.co.uk
One of the most striking examples of dropping the domain name ocured in 2003 due to what is called the collective negligence. In spite of the fact, that people were trying to check up on what was happening and somehow to deal with the problem, Microsoft behaved as a typical bureaucratic organization. It turned a blind eye to people inquiries. Despite being warned that it’s time for the domain renewal, Microsoft overlooked these notifications. Therefore, the domain was returned to the pool of available domains. Moreover, its mail service wasn’t accessible in England.
Luckily, the domain was grabbed at once. The new owner was so kind that tried to inform Microsoft immediately that they needed to re-register the domain and restore the service. Nevertheless, Microsoft didn’t seem eager to get their site back and ignored these messages. Microsoft realized the issue just when journalists contacted it. Only then, the software giant reached a new owner of their domain. What is more, even after that, during a long period of time Microsoft had been stalling for time before the problem was sorted out. It seems that no one in the UK could deal with the problem, because only the central office was responsible for domain registrations.
Fortunately, hotmail.co.uk was regained. But still, Microsoft didn’t officially confirm that hotmail.co.uk had been dropped.
Only a registrar for all .uk domains shed light on this situation and born out that hotmail.co.uk had failed to be renewed despite being warned about the importance of the renewal procedure. Moreover, the registrar confirmed that the domain was snatched up by a private person. Apparently, all notifications via mail were ignored by the giant. It’s interesting that it wasn’t the very first time when something like that has happened with this company. In 1999, Microsoft had similar bad experience.
What happens after domain expires?
The procedure depends on registrar of the domain names. In addition, this procedure has changed many times over history. In this article we will be concerned with the most typical up-to-date procedure.
The first stage - the registrar shows loyalty to the client and gives extra time for domain renewal (grace period). Your grace period may take about from one to 2-3 weeks. This window can have a few deadlines - for example, a free update period, an additional fee etc. When the domain is in a grace period where all services are shut off, it isn’t available for registration by anybody else.
The second stage - the auction. After the registrar is sure that the domain renewal hasn’t been done, he puts it up for auction. It's a registrar’s chance to bring in extra income- the domain can be auctioned off to the highest bidder. Let’s be frank, it works- many domains are snapped up at auction. Let’s look at some of the most popular auctions:
- Go Daddy Auctions
Each registrar cooperates with only one of these auction services. Domain names are exclusive to one auction, as the sell-off can’t take place at two locations. How does the auction work?
To begin with, there is often the opportunity to place a backorder. For example, if someone is very interested in scoring your domain name. In this case, the buyer will get the notification about the expiration status of the target domain and, definitely, leverage this opportunity. It’s worth noting that during this period, domains can be included in backorder auctions, where another participant can bid on your domain name. Generally, an auction can consist of several stages, as well as, after the main auction can follow the closeout of least desired domain names.
In addition to this, there are such sites that collect information and provide it in a more convenient way. For instance, these sites will help you to discover that more than 3 million domains have expired for the last 10 days. Furthermore, you will realize that even expensive (costing up to $ 500K) domains can be dropped after a while.
The third stage - domain "death". The domain disappears, and it can be retrieved on a common basis. Unfortunately, it’s unlikely if a domain name has any marginal value, as well as, consists of unambiguous words and is well-promoted. If so, the domain will probably get purchased, as nowadays it is also kind of business.
Some extra good examples
In 2010, a well-known website Foursquare forgot to renew their domain name. Luckily, they noticed this in time and quickly sorted out the problem. Nevertheless, customers couldn’t reach the site during this period of time. At that time the internet was bombarded with these news, yet the company has taken the advantage from this situation.
However, sad examples do exist too. In 2012, a popular Indian travel site Yatra.com, with millions of visitors and huge income, dropped their domain. Therefore they lost not only money, but also their reputation, clients and the trust of their partners. Eventually, the domain has been restored. The company hasn’t been as successful since.
Such common experience has held almost everyone once in a while in their history, from banks to giant companies. Actually, HostTracker had such experience too and it was the reason why we decided to write this article.
Web site monitoring service almost lost its domain
The truth is that host-tracker.com was almost lost despite having an instrument for keeping an eye for an expiration date and sending renewal alerts. Actually, this feature became HostTracker’s last resort, as all domains and sites are being monitored by HostTracker’s own monitoring system. In a manner of speaking, even though at that time the HostTracker company got the renewal alerts, everything seemed to be fine, as the auto-renewal was on. However, for some reason, the automatic payments didn’t pass through and the domain wasn’t renewed. To be honest, we are still not sure why did that happen, as their support could not explain the issue clearly. Luckily, we noticed the problem in time and solved it quickly.
To sum up:
- Renew your domain in advance. In this case you might want to ask your registrar to set up your domain to auto-renewal in advance with your approval beforehand. Moreover, you will be notified in case of any problems.
- Backorder does work. Just before HostTracker entered their grace period, someone had tried to contact HostTracker by mail to acquire the domain name. So pay attention to such things!
- You would better not enter the grace period. Once the domain expires, it can be easily renewed at the regular price within a few days and HostTracker showed this. The disadvantage is that all customers will be greeted with the message that domain page isn’t available. You should never allow a domain to expire because working on recovering it can take a vast amount of time.
- Monitor your domains for any changes. You can keep an eye on the state of available domains which you like, but don’t forget your own ones too. There is a wide variety of services, like HostTracker, which provide an easy, efficient way to track any changes of domain’s state. Check out the description of such HostTracker’s tools here in our blog.
Monitoring domain and SSL certificate expiry dates
▶ Monitoring domain and SSL certificate expiry dates.
▶ How to activate the SSL certificate monitoring tool and domain monitoring settings?
▶ It takes only several minutes with HostTracker.
So many domain names are lost in this fashion. The domain name holders have their names taken away by others, simply because they miss the renewal alerts and they do not notice when their domains are not running the show anymore. Although the whole system for domain name holders is not very practical or sensible, reality confirms that dropping a domain name is a significant problem nowadays. Anyone who holds a domain name is very much prone to losing it, ranging from big corporations, like Microsoft, to small private firms. Trying to solve this problem, HostTracker has developed utterly useful tools that highly increase the chances to reach 100% uptime.
Registrars are obliged to keep the registered name owner always updated on the status of a domain and must notify of the impending expiration at least two times. One of these notifications must be sent about one month prior to expiration and one must be sent about one week prior to expiration. But “In theory, theory and practice are the same. In practice, they are not”. That’s why a lot of very bad things keep on happening. For instance:
- Alerts go to the spam folder;
- Responsible employees are taking time off work;
- Or just there is something more important that should be solved just at this moment and the domain renewal is put off for the better times.
Problems like these occur very often. Moreover, when we face them - no one can recall the timing of the registration, the timing of payments, the cards from which the money was written off etc.
Are you getting the idea that it’s truly important to pay attention to this stuff? Use HostTracker tools. The service will monitor your domain/SSL certificates for many different status changes, such as when a domain becomes registered, when it drops and becomes available, when it's renewed and everything. You can enable automatic summary reports that are emailed on a daily / weekly / monthly basis (or at any interval you choose). The reports can include renewal dates of registration and any other useful information and can be sent, for example, via SMS, email or a Skype. These instruments are also fully configurable and can be used together or separate with regular uptime checks.
Domain Monitoring Service Settings
Applying domain monitoring settings takes several minutes:
simply enter the domain name. You can click on "Add list" to monitor more than one website. You may also configure additional options by clicking on "Subscriptions" bar:
- “Up” - the domain renewal notices are emailed one month, 7 and 3 days prior to expiration.
- “Down” - you are notified that your domain name has already expired.
- “Repeat” - you receive alerts every day until you renew the domain name.
Put tick marks next to the contacts of people, who should be informed in case of any problems.
If you want to be notified not only by email, but also by other messengers (Skype, Viber, Hangouts, Telegram), add them in the "Add Contact" bar or in the "Notifications" menu on the main page screen.
How to activate the SSL certificate monitoring tool
Since Google announced that they’re going to be using whether or not a server uses SSL as a ranking signal, the number of people interested in purchasing SSL certificates has skyrocketed. Why are SSL/TLS certificates so beneficial?
The idea of using SSL/TLS certificates is crystal clear, as it is a type of encryption used for securing web sessions. HTTPS keeps both your websites and your customers' personal information private and secure. As when a SSL certificate is used, the information becomes indecipherable to everyone besides for the server you are sending the data to. This protects it from "domain slamming", "email phishing" attacks and other harmful activities.
Therefore, it is vital not to miss SSL/TLS certificates expiry dates. Both domain monitoring and SSL monitoring instruments are operating alike and have the same configuration, which includes:
- Sending renewal notifications 30, 7, and 1 days prior to certificate expiration.
- Sending instant reports when security certificate is becoming “off”.
- Reporting daily about the necessity to renew the SSL/TLS certificates.
- Selecting groups of contacts who can be informed in case of a crisis/emergency.
With activating the two monitoring functions in the Business or Enterprise packages, or in a trial mode, you’ll be always aware of the certificate or domain expiry dates. Or at least, in case of unintentional domain losses, you will be eager to know the reason when, why and how it has happened and sort out the problem.
HostTracker is client-focused
That’s why one of our founding principles as a company included remaining flexible and adaptable, as well as open to improving our service. As the technology world changes, we’ll be ready to make quick, minute adjustments, add new tools and implement new features to improve our product.
Many of our features and enhancements are available online and have been minted due to the customer requests. Therefore, we are looking forward to hearing your feedbacks, suggestions and new creative ideas.
Escalations. Typical scenarios
As many people know, HostTracker is a sites efficiency monitoring system. One of its main functions is to notify the user of any problems promptly. The efficiency of the notifications and the acceptable level of “detalization” are important. If you send alerts at each “sneeze”, the person will not find the important information in this flow...
I was woken up by an SMS at three a.m.
My site dropped for three minutes, and it raised back itself.
But I could not go back to sleep.
As many people know, HostTracker is a sites efficiency monitoring system. One of its main functions is to notify the user of any problems promptly. The efficiency of the notifications and the acceptable level of “detalization” are important. If you send alerts at each “sneeze”, the person will not find the important information in this flow.
We have provided several mechanisms that will help the right people to get the necessary notifications:
- Separation of the notifications into several groups according to their criticality;
- No notifications at short-term failures;
- Report the problem to the manager promptly;
- Report a prolonged failure to the administration;
- Use the free alerts first – email, gtalk, and then the paid ones – SMS or phone call;
- At the contact level – set the working time when this contact should receive the alerts.
There are three types of notifications:
- The website has “dropped”;
- The website is still “down”;
- The website “rose
The “dropped” and “rose” are clear. The notifications “site is still down” are sent at each test fail, but only at the confirmed drops. The fails confirmation algorithm was described in the article “False alerts exclusion”
For each site-contact pair you may enable or disable the appropriate notification type. The setting can be located in the contact properties as well as in the general “matrix” at the “Notifications subscribtion” page.
Escalation and the notifications detalization level.
Suppose, two people are responsible for the site:
Let's try to implement the following scenario:
- In the event of a “drop” we want to send an email message to the administrator immediately;
- If the site does not rise within 15 minutes, we send an SMS to the administrator;
- If the site is “down” for more than an hour, then we send an SMS to the manager.
Adding the contacts for the users. While adding, draw attention to the “Notification Delay” window.
We appear to have three contacts with the following delays:
- Administrator (email) – no delay;
- Administrator (SMS) – 15 minutes delay;
- Manager (SMS) – 1 hour delay.
According to this configuration the administrator will get all the failures notifications to the email, but SMS notifications will be sent only if the site is “down” for more then 15 minutes. The manager will receive only SMS about major failures lasting more than an hour. Setting up the contact working schedule
Suppose that one administrator can not cope, and we hired one more administrator. The first one works during the first half of the week, the second one works during the second half. Accordingly the notifications should be sent to the administrator “on duty” To set this scenario the window “Set the contact working hours” is used in the contact settings.
In this case the first administrator will receive the SMS notifications from Monday to Thursday inclusive. Additionally, you may divide the notification for different employees according to the time of day, for example appointing day and night administrators.
Conclusions: with the help of relatively simple mechanisms we may cover most notifications fine-tune user scenarios.
Domain Expiration Monitoring
HostTracker gives you a unique opportunity to take an ultimate control over your website and increase its performance to new levels. Our service features lots of different handy tools that will let you monitor your website activity constantly and be the very first to know when you need to take actions...
In today’s fast-paced tech-savvy world, having a quality website monitoring service in place is a must to achieve top website speed, performance, and subsequent business success. HostTracker gives you a unique opportunity to take an ultimate control over your website and increase its performance to new levels. Our service features lots of different handy tools that will let you monitor your website activity constantly and be the very first to know when you need to take actions. All critical information will be brought directly to you through email, SMS or voice call, or via direct message on Viber, Skype, Hangouts, Telegram or Slack. All you need to do is decide how, when and where you want to receive these alert notifications. With our service on board, you will say goodbye to those pesky website problems caused by your hosting company, DDoS attacks and missed domain (SSL Certificate) renewal.
The nasty reality of expired domains
Here are a few reasons why dropping a domain name, even if it is fast recovered, is not a good idea:
A heavy drop in search engine rankings and coming traffic.
Undermined credibility. When it comes to domains there’s nothing worse than your domain name taken by others and used for malicious purposes. Yep, you got it right, domain hijacking is real! And once you’ve got your domain expired, you become very vulnerable to this kind of threat, yet you can’t guarantee safe user experience. This means you risk to lose your customer info, brand reputation, and money as well. Well, but that’s not all… What about your potential customers? Few would disagree that another important reason why many people are prone to abandon the particular website is its accessibility. No doubt, no one likes to wait. And if it comes to making a purchase online your potential customer will wait only 3 minutes prior to leave and never come back.
Financial losses. Say, you’re the loyal client of particular bank or stock exchange, you’ll be definitely really upset to discover that you can’t check your financial info as the service seems to be down. Truly, the Internet is littered with tragic examples of how big companies including banks dropped domains and run into financial trouble because of that.
Let’s take a second to think about how hard it is to stay on track with the domain expiration. Actually, it's not quite that easy at all. Suppose you’ve got about 100-300 websites and even more email addresses. Moreover, every day you’ve got your Inbox bombarded with tons of different emails. Obviously, it’s really easy to scroll on some important information such as a reminder from your registrar in such a hectic situation.
If you don’t want to curse God for your memory lapses, consider jumping into some of the awesome monitoring tools like Domain expiration from HostTracker. With this tool in place, you won’t need to rely on your registrar. As you will be notified 30, 7 and 1 days before (and even after) the expiration of your domain by email or direct message.
Here are 5 simple steps to set HostTracker for sending you alerts of the impending domain expiration:
- Sign in.
Upon successful login, navigate to Add check -> Domain expiration.
3. Enter your domain name or click on Add list if you have multiple domain names.
4. Click on the check boxes to select the contacts for notifications.
5. Click on Save when complete.
If you have Business or Enterprise packages, you’re opted to activate the domain/SSL expiration alert notifications for existing monitoring tasks.
Our service is still developing so should you have any questions, concerns or any comments to share, feel free to email our Support Team. You can also find us on Twitter, Facebook or Google+.
Host-Tracker under Windows Azure
Those, who actively involved with the Web, should know HostTracker, a company from Ukraine, which has been supporting one of the leading global web monitoring services since 2004. Its goal is to monitor site health and accessibility in near-real-time access. Using alert message system, HostTracker allows to reduce downtimes, to improve quality of service for users, to quickly localize troubles...
Those, who actively involved with the Web, should know HostTracker, a company from Ukraine, which has been supporting one of the leading global web monitoring services since 2004. Its goal is to monitor site health and accessibility in near-real-time access. Using alert message system, HostTracker allows to reduce downtimes, to improve quality of service for users, to quickly localize troubles, and etc.
Architecturally, HostTracker includes a server-based hub, acting both as a data collector and control center, and a series of software agents, launched in various regions – typically using the equipment operated by major providers, hosters and affiliates. The geographically distributed architecture provides common system reliability and also allows collecting data in terms of access speed, bandwidth and other key performance characteristics on regional level – a critically important feature for the international business.
The first version of HostTracker, which is still functioning and providing services for tens of thousands of customers, was Linux based. Today, it is supported by nine control servers, located and organized in two DPCs on collocation principle, and few dozens of agents. Considering that the final objective of web monitoring is focused on increasing the uptime of client-based web resources – whereas 95% of HostTracker customers were able to increase it up to 99% – then, performance and accessibility of the service itself are not just critical, but rather fundamental parameters that influence the whole business. Theoretically, HostTracker should demonstrate accessibility close to 100%. However, an extensive growth of the service made this task hard to solve.
HostTracker was facing constantly increasing network traffic – a problem for seamless operation of the service. Inability to add new control servers on-the-fly, difficulties when maintaining not uniform and multiple-aged hardware was another limiting factor. Moreover, the desire to develop the service through wider protocol and network service support was meeting certain obstacles. “Unfortunately, for Linux there was a limited choice of ready-to-use solutions and libraries, while inventing something completely new was difficult”, says Artem Prisyazhnyuk, HostTracker director. “We had an idea of reviewing the stack of technologies we used for a more sophisticated one and after taking a closer look at the .NET platform, its potential in terms of scalability and network support, I realized that was exactly the thing we had been looking for.”
It was sure that migrating to a completely different platform should be a complex task – the project extended over three years. However, it was like blessing in disguise: during this period, the world has seen the cloud computing that seemed an ideal tool for solving both the scalability problem and putting aside one’s own whole infrastructure. Besides, the PaaS model allowed to remove most of the effort in terms of administering the solution and to control the application as a self-contained entity, to the extent of complete automation, and thus, Windows Azure had in fact no alternatives.
As a result, the second version of HostTracker, commercial operation of which started in May 2012, is already functioning under Windows Azure. Its central ingredient is realized as Web Role and associated with SQL Azure Database – it provides external portal, analytics and report generation, control of monitoring applications. The latter are ensured with instances of Worker Role, which also use SQL Azure Database to store their data and to provide the service scalability depending on the network loading. Agents are functioning as they did before, with the viability of their transfer to Windows Azure being considered.
Now, HostTracker uses HTTP/HTTPS and ICMP protocols to monitor specific ports, including various methods (HEAD/POST/GET), and etc.
Alarm reporting is available via email, SMS and instant messages. The customer can receive reports with statistics about resources being controlled and their performances. You can spend only 6 minutes to make monitoring settings for five sites, while the average response time in case of failure is limited by a couple of minutes, and it takes 1-3 minutes more to inform the customer about the problem. Using this service, anyone can check any site, including access from various regions.
As a result, if on the one side the transfer to the .NET platform itself gave us the potential to modernize HostTracker, to optimize the application architecture and realize new internal functions, then, on the other side, the migration to the cloud allowed to refuse from less important, though time consuming activities such as administering the solution, and, first of all, to reach necessary performance indicators. Microsoft, for all basic Windows Azure services, declares 99,9% accessibility and guarantees monthly refunds, should this indicator be lower. This creates a firm ground for operating such services like HostTracker, as the accessibility is the most critical parameter for these applications. Using the cloud infrastructure also provides a better protection for the service: unauthorized access to the application and many types of attacks are effectively excluded, while the data safety is ensured by triple reservation.
HostTracker received another advantage from abandoning its own infrastructure. The service’s performance characteristics are also rather critical, for they directly affect the failure reporting system operation. In this respect, Windows Azure is virtually a drainless source of computing power. This means that by timely starting additional monitoring instances you can support HostTracker functioning parameters on the necessary level. Moreover, the cloud environment is exactly what you need in order to make this process almost fully automatic, excluding further need for direct control.
HostTracker — Sites Monitoring Service
Every site owner knows how important it is to have your resource always operative and available for visitors. Periodical site unavailability has a bad influence even at its positions in the search engines (as Google representatives have repeatedly claimed), not to mention the fact that visitors are extremely displeased by such “accidents”...
How to be always aware of how properly your site is operated in real time?
HostTracker is an online website monitoring service, having rich functionality and good feedback of the customers, who are, by the way, more than 25 thousand (including the resources of such companies as Colgate, KasperskyLab, Panasonic etc.).
The job design of this service is the following: at certain specified intervals your websites and servers will be checked for availability and serviceability (the verification is performed from around the world), and in case of any problems you will receive notifications about the problems. In addition, uptime statistics for each site is collected, but it will be discussed later.
A quick site serviceability check may be performed directly from the service main page through typing its address in the upper right window and selecting one of the verification methods:
- Http – website pages loading check
- Ping – the server availability check (pinging)
- Trace – the server availability check (tracing)
- Port – random server port check
According to the check results a detailed report will be created on a separate page.
To become the HostTracker service client and verify the uptime and serviceability of your resources on a regular basis you need to register in the system and assign the appropriate tasks. Over time detailed statistical reports and visual graphics will be created for each task, greatly facilitating data analysis, outputing them in an understandable representative form.
Site failures and problems may be reported to (at your option):
- Email as a letter
- telephone as an SMS or a call
- Skype or GTalk as a message
At that it is possible to set the notifications delay, their uploading time etc. – the settings are very flexible. By the way now I really miss such functionality at Monitorus, as it sends an SMS immediately when a problem occurs, regardless of the time of day, and as you can imagine, late night may be very fun because of this).
Another useful feature of the HostTracker service is the site content monitoring. You may set a list of the page keywords, at the disappearance of which you will receive the notification. Or vice versa – set a list of words, at the appearance of which you will receive the notification. The first case, for example, is good for paid links on other sites monitoring, and the second – to prevent virus activity in the form of additional code embedding on your website. Say, it is very helpful and very convenient!
Now a few words about the HostTracker site monitoring service rates prices. There are several service plans, differing in the maximum tasks number, check frequency, etc. However, there is also a full-featured trial period of 30 days, as well as the Free tariff, within which you may monitor up to two resources with an interval of 30 minutes. That’s not much of course, but as an option to try out all the features for free, and then decide on the appropriateness of the paid tariff transition, it is just the job. Good luck!
How to get alerts from HostTracker
In today’s high speed, high pressure and high-stress world it’s utterly important to keep up with things going on with your website. Being well-informed means being in the know of how speedily the monitoring service can contact you - as how will you save the world if you don’t know what’s happened in time?
In today’s high speed, high pressure and high-stress world it’s utterly important to keep up with things going on with your website. Being well-informed means being in the know of how speedily the monitoring service can contact you - as how will you save the world if you don’t know what’s happened in time? HostTracker gives you this unique opportunity to be the first to find out when your website goes down or stops functioning the way it should.
However, there are a couple of factors to keep in mind. All issues – especially serious ones - need to be clearly prioritized. By far, keeping up with all warning notices without managing their preferences beforehand can be really challenging. Chances are, that at some time in your life, you’ll simply get your mail drowned in the notification spam.
In light of this, HostTracker provides a set of default notification preferences. Generally, they are split up into three categories:
Short-term issues - the alert is not sent at all;
Major issues – the administrator is notified right away.
Long-term issues – the manager is notified right away.
If your website falls into one of these three groups, HostTracker emails you at once. There are many ways you could configure HostTracker to send notifications out. The direct message notifications could be sent via e-mail, SMS, Skype, Viber, Hangouts, Telegram or Slack. It’s up to you to choose which method (methods) you want to use. Rather, if you have your phone number attached to your HostTracker account you can also turn on SMS or voice call notifications. HostTracker values its customers' time above all else and provides notification scheduling as well. Therefore, you won’t be annoyed with your phone buzzing all night long, as well as, you’ll get your notifications in small doses in time throughout the day.
Additionally, there are several sub-categories based on following events:
If the website experiences some performance problems;
If the website is offline;
If the website is back online or performance problems have been successfully sorted out.
Whilst the first and third options are clear to understand, the second is likely pretty vague. So when can you expect your alerts on the second occasion? HostTracker will drop you multiple timely alerts every time when the check is unsuccessful – note, we consider only confirmed minor/major problems.
The system work is organized in such a brilliant way, that every responsible person for the website well-being happens to be protected from being spammed by multiple unimportant notifications or reminders, and get them only on the serious events. For example, suppose your website is managed by both the administrator and manager, and is currently offline. In that case: first, the e-mail will be sent directly to the administrator; second, after quarter an hour the administrator will receive the direct SMS notification; third, if that situation does not change after more than an hour, the SMS will be sent to the manager, to boot. Sounds ideal, isn’t it? While it may be ample for your needs, HostTracker offers one more feature – Time of activity - in order to help you solve your problems in a much more quick and efficient way.
One reason why using Time of activity option is of interest to our clients is that they could enjoy a good night sleep without worrying whether their shift administrator will miss an important alert. By the way, all outlined options are fully-customizable.
As a customer-oriented company, we provide not only different useful tools for smooth website life online but also lend an air of ‘peace and relaxation’ to our customers – they are not stressed out by annoying ongoing notifications. Various settings allow our customers to clearly define and assign roles and responsibilities for team members, collaborate better and ultimately, have an overview of the whole website performance and keep track of the all technical difficulties they experience with their website. 100% customer satisfaction is our goal.
Twelve Ways to Improve Uptime Website
It is rather strange, but instead of going down web services usually grow so overloaded with the user requests that after slowing down they become unresponsive. But nowadays it is extremely important to provide secure and high-quality web hosting services, available anytime, as e-businesses is acquiring popularity. The owners of the websites demand perfect service, 100% uptime and quality assurance...
It is rather strange, but instead of going down web services usually grow so overloaded with the user requests that after slowing down they become unresponsive. But nowadays it is extremely important to provide secure and high-quality web hosting services, available anytime, as e-businesses is acquiring popularity. The owners of the websites demand perfect service, 100% uptime and quality assurance. Numerous techniques may be used to make access to the website smooth, thus increasing uptime.
Here we offer you twelve methods recommended to achieve performance gain and uptime increase. Software optimization is required for that, as well as hardware optimization. A lot of software features may be upgraded with the use of general and improved coding standards, operated by the website manager. At the same time the company providing the webhosting services needs to improve the hardware constantly.
You can measure the accessibility of the website using monitoring services HostTracker.
The following are the first six ways to improve uptime:
- Split the databases
- Separate the read an write databases
- Use popular content caching more often and improve its quality
- Optimize static content
- Ensure compressed delivery of content
- Optimize the content management system
To begin with, splitting the databases – horizontally or vertically, or combining these two directions - is essential, making the connection more reliable. It is also good to differentiate the read and write databases, this giving an opportunity for master/slave setup. These actions are useful to extend the database infrastructure for future use.
Second, when you set the system to use better popular content cache, and to use it more often, your site will scale up more easily with many users operating it. Internet caching has no difference from computer caching: it supposes storing popular content at a separate container, allowing much quicker access to the information for the users.
To optimize static content is one more way to make the access to internet pages and files quicker. One of the means for it is to compress the images to the maximum extent possible (but, of course, preserving their high quality). Moreover, it is necessary to check if the web server may be used to deliver compressed content; this characteristic is not connected with the images, as they are already compressed files. Take care to have all the appropriate settings from the beginning.
One more appropriate thing to do is to improve the system of content management reducing the database calls number for each page request. It is like any type of connection: at the decrease of the information sending times the connection is maintained. In this circumstances, the number of calls to the database should be as low as possible – it will ensure that the users are able to access the content with the greatest speed.
Software and Hardware Optimization
The next six methods for augmenting uptime are:
Six more ways to augment the uptime are the following:
- Use content delivery networks
- Use emerging standards, such as HTML5
- Improve the programming techniques
- Add the content “expires” headers
- Lessen the number of HTTP requests
- Use Ethernet connections, allowing for more speed
Contend delivery networks allow for operation over larger amounts of media, at the same time improving the performance of the site. They are developed to direct the traffic to private networks. Such services allow operation over large media files, rooting the traffic along the Internet age, not straightly, averting extreme overloading. As the content delivery networks operate with large files, this unloads the servers, providing quick and qualitative connection.
Emerging standards, such as HTML5, include systems, improving the websites. It is achieved through advanced programming techniques, aimed at website and internet communications. Such standards do not 100 % assure that the website that uses them will not go down, but the in-built mechanisms of the code will act as the auxiliary mechanisms if it happens. Moreover, you should use improved programming methods while working with large loads and traffic spike.
“Expiers” content headers make all the automatically downloaded files cacheable for the visitors. So adding these headers to the content you will prevent the constant downloading of the browser. It blocks page review pointless HTTP requests. As well as the reduction of the database calls number, the reduction of the HTTP requests number will make the connection speed stable and not overloaded.
The last method is to develop Ethernet connection speeds. This will allow to cope with larger files and unexpected traffic spikes. A lot of hosting providers consider it as an excellent investment.
Speeds improvement and downtime reduction make the customers happier. Many of these methods to improve the web server or web site uptime may be achieved in a few minor steps. Such tactics, including Database rearrangement software optimization, caching improvements, content compressing, use of content delivery networks and content management systems, programming practices improvements and hardware upgrading will improve the web host as well as web site uptime, thus also improving your business.
Why do we need monitoring? The overview of the HostTracker service. Part 1
Why there is a need in monitoring? How the monitoring could help in the sites and servers development and testing? This review will answer to these questions and will also show how the simple desire to optimize your work may be transformed into a useful product for others, as well as, how not to lose the ‘startup spirit’ and always keep up with your clients.
HostTracker Company is one of the market leaders in the supplying of monitoring services for sites and various web services. It teems with a wealth of different constantly improved tools, which are taking into accounts the most recent tendencies and trends. How did this company emerge? Why there is a need in monitoring? How the monitoring could help in the sites and servers development and testing? This review will answer to these questions and will also show how the simple desire to optimize your work may be transformed into a useful product for others, as well as, how not to lose the ‘startup spirit’ and always keep up with your clients.
Introduction or the history of startup
Everyone involved in the IT sector must know the feeling, when a server (website, database, software, network) seems to be perfectly configured, but it suddenly stops to work properly. Solving this problem could take a lot of time. Meanwhile, this mess would go on, take place regularly or wouldn’t happen at all – but, nevertheless, that’s the worst, as it wouldn’t be clear when it shows up another time. Moreover, what if this happens during handover the project to the client? Pondering over all these things caused HostTracker to appear.
A founder had always tried to make his work on objects as brilliant as he could at his main job, so he decided to automatize the process of monitoring. If at that time (at the beginning of 2000), there were reliably working monitoring services – possibly, HostTracker would never have appeared. Therefore, he had to write a simple script to check his bulk of sites. However, the script faced the same problems that were mentioned at the beginning of this paragraph. From time to time, the script didn’t work at all or didn’t work properly.
So, that’s why, we had to optimize the script a little and make it more reliable, as well as, through the duplication and distribution it on several machines. After a series of optimizations the idea crossed our minds that it could be useful for someone else, and HostTracker became public. With the advent of a variety of clients – we decided to monetize the efforts. As you can see, our service appeared to solve personal problems, but during the process of development has become available to others to help them solve the same problems, which, at one time, we faced.
Monitoring: the main points
This part of the review contains information about the most popular feature - regular check of the site or other entity available from the network for immediate identification of emerging problems. These checks can be run on different protocols: http (s), icmp (aka Ping), port (check any port over TCP) etc. It is worth noting, that there are different approaches to monitoring. There is an internal monitoring - when the state of the site is estimated by the software hosted on the same server. To put it tentatively, there may be included such tools like Google Analytics– built in the page script sends information about customers who entered the site, and can make indirect conclusions about the site performance. The other type of monitoring - external, or, as lawyers say, "monitoring by a third party." It is embodied in simulating the logging in of real users with real addresses to the site, and making conclusions on the real server replies to the sent requests. Further we will talk about this method in the review.
Infrastructure or how it works
For easier understanding, the infrastructure can be divided into two components: the "internal" and "external". The “internal” is placed in the cloud and consists of computing servers, databases, file servers etc. All of these components belong to HostTracker and are operated directly by HostTracker employees. The “external” component - nodes or agents, which are placed around the world and serve as independent servers inspectors, similarly to "Secret shoppers" at the stores. They are testing the sites and other entities by creating the standard requests for checking protocol. If it is a web site test, then it will be the usual http requests and there will be no difference between these requests and requests of real visitors.
These servers are completely independent from each other and from internal system structure. Everything what they do – receive a list of sites for checking from the central server and give it back the check results. Some of these servers are being rented by the HostTracker, whilst the majority of them belongs to the partners. These partners are providing them for free or with a significant discount, in return for backlinks or discounts for our services, or just due to friendship relationship.
This kind of infrastructure allocation is a result of monitoring service performance algorithm.
The service performance algorithm
Regular checks are being done due to the client’s predefined interval, beginning from one minute. When it comes to testing, the server sends the task to one randomly selected agent – a part of the external HostTracker network. It is performing checks by a given protocol, and sending back the response of the checking server. These results are being processed on the “external” side. If it happens to have a positive response - nothing happens, there will be only a record in the database about this (it is available to the client in a form of an inspections log). If an error has been noticed, then tasks are immediately created to verify, again, this site by other randomly selected servers from the general network. After that, the answers from all these servers will be analyzed.
If the error hasn’t been confirmed by the majority of servers - it remains in the log and there is no reason to worry. Apparently, anything can happen: the network lag, requests overload and everything. If most or all of the agents do confirm an error - then it is assumed, that the trouble occurred and there is a serious problem – likely, at that time, a lot of people can’t get to the site. Moreover, almost all commercial sites will suffer from a great loss of money in this situation.
Error handling and clients notification
According to the settings, after identifying the problems, a lot of different things can also happen. The problem initial diagnostics is being done at once. If there is any error, the code of this error is recorded, otherwise there will be a record of the protocol response. This data can be used for detecting the reasons of the error, for example, network failure, server failure etc. However, first and foremost, the client is interested in getting to know about the problem. So, if you want to be aware of any errors at any time, you should register your phone number, e-mail or other communication channel to receive notifications from HostTracker.
These notifications may be sent to different people, with different contacts and at any time. Truly, a lot of interesting features are there to offer. The message can be sent immediately, which is done the most frequently. Although, that’s not enough for the particular customer to be satisfied. Firstly, the "unimportant" sites do exist and it would be inappropriate to wake administrator up because of the short-term downtime. Secondly, there are "important" people, that shouldn’t be bothered because of different insignificant problems. Therefore, HostTracker offers a feature of the alerts escalation. As well as, HostTracker would send a notification to a specific address after some time of the site’s fall, if it didn’t recover by itself.
Moreover, you can create "work schedule" for each contract - set the time interval during which, it is possible to send alerts. So, HostTracker wouldn’t disturb this person at other time. It happens to be very useful for some customers. For instance, this configuration will send an alert to the particular person between 8:00 am. and 7:00 pm., in case the site has been “off” for one or more hours:
We will describe a wide variety of other service functions in the next reviews. Also, you will find all histories of their emergence and development, the examples of their usage and other things from our own experience. It is worth noting, that one of the main advantages of the service is the orientation to clients. Many service functions have been invented due to clients, friends and partners requests, enabling them to solve their specific technical problems, the solution of which on their own would require a lot more resources. Therefore, we’re looking forward to your feedbacks and suggestions!
What could we check by using the cloud services? Part 2
In the beginning, HostTracker company was founded on the basis of a simple website to provide free customer services. Though, a few years later, this startup developed a wide variety of tools serving to solve various problems, including different network issues. In a series of publications, we have decided to describe thoroughly all the features of our service, also to share our experience in the development of such projects with you and to mention interesting challenges that we faced.
In the beginning, HostTracker company was founded on the basis of a simple website to provide free customer services. Though, a few years later, this startup developed a wide variety of tools serving to solve various problems, including different network issues. In a series of publications, we have decided to describe thoroughly all the features of our service, also to share our experience in the development of such projects with you and to mention interesting challenges that we faced. Moreover, for those seeking an example of how to sell something that had been made for themselves, our experience would be useful, as most of our features were developed due to our personal needs.
In the previous part of the review we have talked about the history of the service and the most basic functions - regular inspection of sites and servers, and what is more, notification of their efficiency. Before starting to describe more advanced features, we should write where do all these ideas come from and how to prioritize them. One of the key secrets often used by entrepreneurs is to follow the statement: all people are unique. All customers’ requests are unique, so you have to learn how to deal with them. Therefore the IT sector is utterly susceptible to this factor, as a great number of customers have profound knowledge and diverse experience. Nevertheless, part of the problems can be solved with available resources. However, the main feature of our work is that, frequently, we have to evolve something. Most of the HostTracker’s functions were developed or adapted due to the conveniences and needs of the particular people. We are also a part of that people, as having rather large infrastructure, and also need to have everything work properly. Therefore, we ourselves are the most picky client.
Precious little things
It worth noting, that in addition to different regular checks, there are other useful tools. They include monitoring of the domain and SSL certificate expiration time. This seems to be negligible, but could bring a lot of unexpected inconveniences to work. These functions appeared in HostTracker, when one of our personal domains had expired. Moreover, large companies also frequently face these problems, as the prolongation of the domain /certificate expiration time depends on the unreliable human factor. Therefore, a notification that the domain should be prolongated, is stored not only within spam folder (already overflowed with continuous marketing messages from your hosting company), but also to the folder with the data of website downs. As well as, the SMS notification capability still exists. That’s why these features are being so handy.
Another interesting feature is the domain check to see if they are blacklisted in DNS-based lists. These lists are independent and are generated separately using different algorithms. What is more, they were mainly created for filtering of the suspicious entities. Each administrator can configure own web server in different ways, for example, not to receive messages from the servers from a specific list. It helps fight off spam, malware spread, DDoS attacks and other problems. But all of these lists have their own algorithms, and there is no guarantee that in the result of any coincidences your website wouldn’t appear in any of these blacklists. Moreover, according to the statistics, this is happening on a regular basis with the most innocent sites. For example, no one can guarantee that a hacker wouldn’t use your nearby IP for different spam attacks. In this situation, the entire range of IPs would be considered as unreliable. What are the consequences of that? Your messages wouldn’t be delivered to customers, the site wouldn’t be so easily found in search system and so on. Furthermore, you will find out this problem when the changes become critical or even irrevocable. Therefore, the monitoring and notification of DNSBL are also essential.
The content check
Here is a good example of how the usage of functions may exceed developers expectations. We have mentioned about several such cases earlier. Actually, nowadays a lot of things have a web interface whilst for others – it could be easily created, if needed. Therefore, it was developed not only the check function of whether the page was loaded completely using simple parsing, but also another mind-boggling things of this check. Adapting to different customer requests, this feature has become very flexible. It may look for one or plenty of words from the list at once. Moreover, it may detect the emergence of certain phrases. This feature may also raise as an error the whole line that contains the keyword. For instance, if there is a kind of server-status page (“Server 1 OK” etc.) and it shows “Error”, then the message will be “1 Server Error”. In this case, all diagnostic is already done, and you can start troubleshooting immediately.
What if it happens, that the server should be down?
In addition to the notification of the failures of the sites, HostTracker provides another important function – gathers statistics of each examined site. When the various buttons on the sites were popular – HostTracker’s button also often appeared with the figures of website attendance, the weather forecasts and other things like that. Now it is possible to use a widget, but still the button is also available for retro fans. In addition, statistics is very important for managers. They constantly want to know whether the website and administration of it are working properly. Therefore, there is another useful function - the maintenance planning. Even the most stable sites and servers must be updated or rebooted from time to time. At the same time, it’s not the desired to lose so-called “9s” in terms of uptime. Planning of the maintenance let us achieve two goals (together or separately). This includes: not to send error notifications and not to record errors to the statistics during a specific span of time. Of course, it seems to be a kind of cheating, but outlined maintenances are justified, especially in excluded time. In addition to this, different verifications have being done and written to the log during maintenances. It can be useful for webmasters and administrators, as log let determine exactly the duration of updating or restarting processes, any occurred errors, other breakages etc. Moreover, thanks to that, the whole process of error emergence could be tracked: from the stage when the server wouldn’t be available for some time to the stage when the application would return an error.
Maintenance can be scheduled as a one-time job or on a regular basis. For example, if the backup is done every night, or a new release - every Thursday. The only condition is that the maintenance schedule should be made up at least 12 hours prior to the site/server nearest suspension period of time. This is done to ensure that all maintenances won’t be responsible for any pity unexpectancies, and statistics provided by HostTracker will be trustful.
A kind of an epilogue
We are frequently asked why are we doing that. The same things can be done without HostTracker’s help. And you know what - definetely, they can. Especially, if you need only one tool. Many people are talking, that the whole Business World is built on human laziness. By solving routine problems, HostTracker provides a slice of work-free and responsibility-free time in the customer’s schedule. Truly, not everyone is able to assemble a car by himself. We look up to the people, who are eager to create something good for personal needs in our field, but most people don’t want to spend their free time for doing something like that.
Additionally, our clients are: non-IT specialists; IT specialists who have to report something to their managers; managers themselves; fans of reliability – they use their own tools and take advantages of someone else’s; and many other groups of people.
All in all, we are always looking forward to your comments.
Monitoring server performance with HostTracker
HostTracker offers numerous simple-yet-powerful instruments to keep your website running smoothly. That implies it delivers deep insight into server resource parameters such as CPU, RAM and HDD. Read on to find out more about “Monitor CPU, RAM, HDD” tool, and why you should adopt it.
HostTracker offers numerous simple-yet-powerful instruments to keep your website running smoothly. That implies it delivers deep insight into server resource parameters such as CPU, RAM and HDD. How does it work? Starting at collecting statistics, cloud-based service lets you know at once about CPU, memory and disk space usage issues and provides the way to speed up your server performance. Read on to find out more about “Monitor CPU, RAM, HDD” tool, and why you should adopt it.
Who are your neighbours?
Nowadays there are many services and tools around that can help with all sorts of server issues. For Windows and * Nix you can find special scripts that are very easily installed. However, the sets may vary depending on the server configuration. For example, if your server doesn’t support some basic functions, one way to deal with this - to create a script based on the tools provided, which will convert the data output in a specific format for further system manipulation.
But let’s not forget about server virtualization. Virtual hosting has been into trend for a couple of years and boasts numerous advantages over resource management. If this is your thing, then “Monitor CPU, RAM, HDD” function from HostTracker will definitely come in handy for you.
Sometimes it can be hundreds of different websites simultaneously hosted on a single server. Therefore, server may get easily overloaded or stop working properly. With “Monitor CPU, RAM, HDD”, you’ll be able to strengthen your server performance against some common causes of overload and spot out your “load hungry” neighbours. It’s worth noting - one of the biggest drawbacks of shared hosting is that your server IP can end up being blacklisted due to the dynamic allocation. In essence, if your neighbour’s IP from your IP block is currently suspected of hosting illegal content, your IP address can get into a blacklist as well. That’s why it’s crucial to keep a constant watch over bad neighbours to ensure that your business reputation is safe.
Rapid increase in the CPU load, memory and disk space usage may indicate that your web server has been infected. "Monitor CPU, RAM, HDD" can help you in this regard and protect the security of your resources.
User-friendly interface and other advantages
With our user-friendly and responsive interface all information about your server performance and settings is a stone’s throw from you. Therefore, for example, the needed script should be downloaded and run once only by the responsible administrator, subsequently - all actions can be specified using HostTracker’s account. Moreover, our cloud-based website monitoring service provides a wealth of different checks to choose, from HTTP and Ping tests, to database and server parameters checks - all these let you gather the most complete information about your resource performance for further thorough and accurate analysis.
Additionally, HostTracker has a wide variety of notification types to offer ranging from Viber to Telegram. It also provides the ways to customize your own group of contacts for notification as well as pinpoint short outages. As regards statistics – it is available anytime you want:
In particular, the screenshot illustrates that the server CPU load hasn’t exceeded a specified threshold of 90% during the day. However, the value of this parameter has fluctuated over the period. It shows that, most of the website visits are during the day, that’s why the CPU level is lower at night.
API and Post-requests are up for grabs too - you can freely set the automatic server reboot, cache clearing etc.
We are always open to new ideas and suggestions whether relating to existing instruments, or submitted by technically-minded and creative people.
Shellshock vulnerability online check
Considering the recently discovered Shellshock vulnerability, HostTracker has created a tool for testing it.
How does it work?
It is developed for a Linux server with a web server installed on it. The algorithm is very simple. We consequently generate 4 http requests:
- 1. Ordinary request
- 2. The request tries, using vulneratility, post a "harmful" cookie which causes 2-seconds delay in respond to our special http request.
- 3. The request tries, using vulneratility, post a "harmful" cookie which causes 4-seconds delay in respond to our special http request.
- 4. Same as #3
How to understand the result?
We compare response time for all 4 requests. Three situation are possible:
- 1. Vulnerability found. We may affirm that if the difference in responses is about 2 seconds for requests without cookie and with 2-second-delay cookie, as well as for requests with 2 and 4-second delay cookie. It means that our request was able to use the vulnerability and set these cookies.
- 2. Vulnerability not found. All the requests have about the same response time. The cookies, likely, were not installed because there is no vulnerability.
- 3. Uncertain situation. If the response time differs widely, without coincidence with preset by cookies delay, we can not say for sure. It could be if the server is under high load. To check this, we use two requests with same cookies (#3 and #4). If the response time for two same checks varies, we make a conclusion that the response time is not affected by cookies. At least, not only by them. So in this case our method can not detect vulnerability
Safety of checks
Our test can not damage your server. The risk consists of appearance of one extra-cookie, which is used only for our requests and can not affect normal work-flow of your site.
Snapshot - instrument for site supervision
How does the site look like when I’m not looking at it? What if it looks bad or does not work at all? HostTracker offers an instrument for site supervision - snapshot feature. Let’s take a look at its practical application.
How does the site look like when I’m not looking at it? What if it looks bad or does not work at all? HostTracker offers an instrument for site supervision - snapshot feature. Let’s take a look at its practical application.
What’s going on with my site?
Now it’s usual to use different services and applications for site maintenance and support, and sometimes they do report some problems. Often we feel the lack of information - Google Analytics or a similar service reports the downtime and renewal, but likely we will never know what exactly has happened. To investigate the issue, it is necessary to review the logs, write to hosting support and perform many others exhausting actions, frequently - with no result. There are also more interesting cases - when a site is not available from a certain country or is not downloaded completely. Such problems could long for months, or even years, till they are accidentally detected. One more important issue - content check. It will automatically review the content of the site and inform the responsible staff in case it has disappeared - for example, something has not been able to be downloaded from the database. But it’s hard to find the cause if the issue is short-term, because people usually do not sit in front of a laptop refreshing the page every minute. To resolve the problem, HostTracker offers a new feature - snapshot. It is very simple in use and does not require any additional adjustments. The service simply makes a snapshot of the checked page every time and saves it for review in two ways: page source code and html-view. This let you easily see how the page looks at the moment of failure, understand what’s wrong and fix the problem quickly without spending time for diagnostics. It saves lots of time for server administrator, developers and other concerned people.
How does it work
Doing the regular checks, our servers with predefined interval try to download the checked page. Additional algorithms could be used at the moment - the page could be parsed for keywords to make sure that this is the one we are looking for (there are cases when an error page returns 200, Ok, http code, or when redirection is activated in case of error). If there is no error - fine. But if there is, it will be written down into the HostTracker log, which is easily available from the web. Then, notification are sent and a snapshot is made.
The snapshots could also be found in the log - if several errors were detected, a different snapshot will be available from each one.
Have you checked your website speed recently? If not, you should!
We’re happy to announce that we've finally released “Response time check” tool to diagnose poor website performance. Speed is one of the most important things in website workflow as it affects not only Google rankings but also your visitor conversions. Here in this article:
▶ Which components make up page load time?
▶ Website speed optimization.
▶ How to measure your website response time with HostTracker?
We’re happy to announce that we've finally released “Response time check” tool to diagnose poor website performance. Speed is one of the most important things in website workflow as it affects not only Google rankings but also your visitor conversions. A recent study shows that visitors aren’t willing to wait more than 3 seconds for a page to load. And truly, we all know how waiting for a slow loading website can feel like an eternity when you’re trying to get some vital information. Actually, a lazy website may cost your business. What really matters is that simply taking a few steps in optimizing website performance can make a very big difference. So, let’s look at some common causes of a slow website and how you can speed these things up.
Which components make up page load time?
- DNS lookup time - the amount of time it takes a domain name being mapped to an equivalent IP-address to be found.
- Connect Time (TCP) - how long it takes to establish a connection to the web server.
- First Byte Time (TTFB) - the time it takes to get the server response as well as the interval since the server receives HTTP request till the server sends the first byte of the response back.
- Download Time (Content Time) – the time span between start and end of content load.
Note: If you’re using SSL Certificate for a secure connection, you’ll need an extra time to spend on authentication, that means additional time for establishing a link between your web server and a browser.
All these components together stand for the page response time. See, it's quite possible that your website is slow because of the problem with one of the five things mentioned above.
Website speed optimization
Website loading speed depends on several factors and each of them could hold things up. Let's find out the most common reasons why your website speed may be slow.
When something wrong with the website itself:
Third-Party Objects. Different third-party plugins hosted on the page can slow down your website. Even though the most powerful services such as Google Analytics integrate these scripts async and seamlessly for website performance, still placing third-party plugins will cause a delay in loading as each one of them adds up to the total number of requests that are being sent. Although the website speed is affected by numerous things, yet it is primarily impacted by the number of HTTP requests your website makes. So the golden rule of optimization is the less weight website to carry, the faster it works.
Media From Other Sources. The more external media files on the page, the longer your website takes to load. Such bulky content has not only a negative impact on web page speed but it’s also one of the surest ways to make visitors leave. How can it be avoided? First, place someone else’s media in moderation; Secondly, use proper graphics file formats; Thirdly, leverage reliable local storage. If you do a couple of these things, you’ll see significant improvements in no time!
Bulky code/ Inefficient SQL. Inefficient code or unoptimized database queries can have a really degrading effect on your website performance. Consider doing some code optimization like editing some scripts, HTML, CSS code etc; or database optimization like adding some indexes, altering the queries, modifying the structure etc. Problems with code are usually the culprit of dragging your website performance down.
When your hosting is killing your speed:
DNS – your website destiny depends on the DNS server choice you make. The faster your DNS server, the quicker content on your page will be delivered.
The Data Center Location. Do not neglect geography. It’s important to ensure that your visitors are hitting the nearest data collection center. Understanding the time taken on transmitting information gives you a better awareness of user experience you’re providing, because you know, it takes time for data to be delivered. If the site is a global resource, it is recommended to use CDN (Content Delivery Network), that is, a network of globally distributed web servers which is used to deliver website content to the local end-users as fast as possible. Essentially, it’s hosting your files across all this server network and delivering them from the closest location. It’s worth noting, that in recent years the popularity of cloud hosting has skyrocketed. No surprise as it costs less, provides more and gives the opportunity to benefit from infinite flexibility.
Choosing the wrong web hosting service. The reality is that sometimes the biggest problem with your website performance is that it requires simply more resources, than your web host can provide. Consider searching for a web hosting company that best suits your needs. It should go without saying: choosing a good hosting company is a key to high website performance.
How to measure your website response time with HostTracker?
In the Response Time Check window please enter your URL, task name, and specify the Timeout value.
Note: Every time your speed value exceeds this threshold, you will receive a notification.
Armed with this tool you’ll be always updated on how well your website loads - website statistics and history of events are always available in a convenient format (see the picture above).
Hope you enjoy this article! Remember the hardest thing in optimization is often to simply get started.
SSL Certificate Monitoring
For those seeking a possibility to keep SSL certificates always up-to-date and have a constant watch over their expiry dates, there is a Certificate expiration function. Read more: How to activate a Certificate expiration function?
For those seeking a possibility to keep SSL certificates always up-to-date and have a constant watch over their expiry dates, there is a Certificate expiration function. Having an effective SSL certificates monitoring should always be one of your main priorities.
How to activate
Simply sign up, go to Add check, then scroll to the bottom of drop-down list, click on Certificate expiration and wait till the Check window pops up prompting you to fill in the form.
Enter the domain name or the list of domain names you want to monitor for certificate expiry and add the task name.
Once this is completed, go to Subscriptions and set the alerting frequency interval. Finally, click on Save. Note that, we’ll contact you on the following events:
UP - If a certificate expires in:
30 days (1 month)
7 days (1 week)
DOWN - The day your certificate expires
REPEAT - Daily, after your certificates expired, and has not been replaced yet.
Don’t forget to specify the Contact group for notification!
Put tick marks next to the contacts of people, who should be informed in case of any problems.
Note: if you want to be notified not only by email, but also by other messengers (Skype, Viber, Hangouts, Telegram), add them in the "Add Contact" bar or in the "Notifications" menu on the main page screen.
If you have any questions about configuring SSL, please contact our Support: email@example.com
Why a low uptime may affect not only your revenue, but also your company's reputation?
While you may be spending more time and resources on developing your website, you need to be sure that the core of the website is still performing well. There is a strong correlation between uptime and visitor conversions. Are you still wondering why is website uptime so important? Then take a deeper dive into this...
While you may be spending more time and resources on developing your website, you need to be sure that the core of the website is still performing well. There is a strong correlation between uptime and visitor conversions. Moreover, nothing drives your visitors to your competitors faster than multiple extensive and ongoing downtime issues. Are you still wondering why is website uptime so important? Uptime is being considered a critical metric of the website well-being. It reflects the percentage of time your website happens to be available to the visitors. Let’s take a deeper dive into this.
Track your website uptime or you put your business at risk
Imagine, you’ve already done all hard work – built a dream team of talented individuals (designers, copywriters, developers etc.), who are shouldering their delegated roles perfectly. And together you all created more than just a website - a master of the Google search that reflects on your personal brand. This suggests you put specific keywords and phrases throughout your website and your brand’s online profiles – so that if people go looking for you on Google, they are likely to find your website.
And there is someone who wants to visit your website, but a current outage is stopping him from camping on the webpage. No matter who you are, a multinational corporation or news portal, if your website goes down for even several minutes, it can impact negatively on your reputation, revenue, productivity and appeal among your visitors. Apparently, downtime is bad for your bottom line, but it costs differently within industries. Business size is the most obvious factor, but it is not the only one. Most of the visitors have a short patience span for even minor website hassles, especially when it comes to making major purchases. Therefore, ensuring your website stays up is a key to your successful business.
Inaccessible website is your clients’ losses
It seems that, inaccessible website puts the visitors off from using it. If your website is designed, for example, for reading books online but inaccessible at the moment, all your customers, including your loyal ones, wouldn’t be able obtain the information they need from your website. This suggests, all your readers won’t be able to get to know you and vice versa you won’t be able to connect to them. Imagine that right now there is someone who wants to buy or read a book from your platform. Try as he may, he can’t reach your website, because it’s closed. And now, he’ll think twice before going back to the platform that evokes frustration and irritation in him. He will definitely find another platform where buying and reading are much easier. Having an online 24/7/365 presence means you are very likely to gain more customers, increase your credibility and spread your business.
Server is down?
Reliability is a key piece of a good web hosting. Reliable web hosting providers not only try to keep the websites always online, secure, and fast, but also ensure that they’re reachable. Consequently, if you’re an unreliable hosting company, you put businesses that use your service at risk. Every minute their websites are down they are paying for it in business success and positive image among customers. What could it mean to hosting providers? In the era of an increasingly connected world, information spreads faster than ever. And we all know the power of customer reviews. Negative feedbacks mean little unless they have a profound effect on a company's ability to do business as well as the ability to stay ahead of the competition. When the company, in particular web hosting company, lost the faith of their clientele, this lead either to huge outflow of service consumers or potentially damaging situation for a brand.
Another example of how company’s reputation could be burned worst by downtime is an online store. Research shows that 60% of shoppers are surfing the net and even more read product reviews before making a purchase. There are many reasons why people choose not to shop at an online store, but perhaps the most striking is when specific website is down. Obviously, it would be a real struggle to keep the visitors on the website in case of a sudden server downtime. Downtime should be considered something to be avoided at all costs, because visitors are not going to wait at your doorstep. They’ll certainly leave your portal and never come back, as how they can lend an air of credibility to your website if you can’t help yourself…
Warren Buffet once said: “It takes 20 years to build a reputation and five minutes to ruin it”.
Out of a search engine?
Downtime issues contribute negatively to your search engine rankings as well. This implies, when Google try to rate your website and find out that it’s down, your website in most cases will temporarily drop in the Google search result rankings. Generally speaking, short periods of website downtime won’t hurt your search rankings that much, but long, consistent ones - will blow your rankings to bits. Scary?
Proactive monitoring of your website is the best way to stay one step ahead of any website bottlenecks and outages. You may rest easily using HostTracker service. HostTracker'll let you know whenever the incident is escalated, as well as, you will be in advance of your website issues. Spot problems before they arise and protect your business from losses that they can create!
Uptime and website monitoring
Website monitoring is a process of supervision over the performance of the site. HostTracker is a powerful tool which serves that purpose.
Website monitoring is a process of supervision over the performance of the site. Usually it is used to keep an eye on commercial sites or other pages for which high availability is very important.
Companies, which provide website monitoring services, let their clients to check a website, a server, port or other available from the Internet entity. The responses are collected and analyzed. Usually, the monitoring is performed from different locations, distributed over the whole world or the specific continent or country. Such monitoring is called distributed monitoringand helps to detect network-related issues as well as site or server-related. Also, distributed monitoring often makes possible to analyze the site performance from the places which are close to the real customers, instead of some distant locations which could have high latencies. The collected information could be found in a different form: email reports, graphs and different smart dependencies, to help the client to get a comprehensive view of the site's performance. Parameters like load time, speed and others can help to optimize the site performance. In case of critical error, monitoring services use variety of notification methods to deliver the alert to the client: SMS, voice call, instant messengers, email and others. This, together with immediate diagnostics, helps responsible persons like server administrators or developers to fix the site as soon as possible and minimize the duration of the failure.
Why is this important? For commercial sites, working time is proportional to their income. Roughly speaking, 2 hours of failure per day means that 1/12 part of the potential clients are lost. Even more - loyal customers also can find a more reliable competitor in case they can not receive their services/goods when they want. For other types of sites, like government, educational, NGO this is very important too. If people can't find the information fast, they'll find another source. Some parameters like site speed are important for search engines, others - database connectivity, for example - can greatly affect the convenience of usage of the site. Monitoring of some internal values like CPU load, memory consumption and disk space are important for administrators in order to prevent performance degradation. Another important purpose is verification of SLA (service-level agreement) of hosting provider. For technical issues, no site can be available 100% of time during long enough period. Sometimes servers are rebooted, updated or upgraded. So each hosting provider guarantee some specific value, which is called uptime, that shows how long can a site be down for technical reasons. Uptime is usually measured in percent. In this table it is shown for how long a site could be down for each uptime value:
- 90% 876 hours
- 95% 438 hours
- 99% 87,5 hours
- 99.9% 8 hours 45 minutes
- 99.99% 52,5 minutes
- 99.999% 5 minutes 15 seconds
If the real site performance does not correspond to SLA, it could be a reason for claim and refund request. Also, it can help the customers to select the best hosting for their needs.
Monitoring companies often provide some additional services, like vulnerability check, virus scanning, domain and certificate expiration check and many others, in order to make a useful product for their customers.
Different ways to monitor
The monitoring, based on the purpose, can be performed in several ways. Internal monitoring tools require some software to be installed into the monitored system, for example, corporate network. It helps to detect network issues, system performance and exclude or catch hardware and performance issues. External monitoring is performed from outside. It's purpose is check the availability and performance of the system by the third-party's eyes. Real user monitoring is external monitoring which simulates the real visitor of a site. Depending on complexity, such monitoring can analyze the page loading, content, sometimes - even design problems. Most advanced monitoring can offer its client to create a scenario for a visitor. This is called transaction monitoring and can perform some steps one-by-one: like load the page, navigate through menu, make a purchase. Passive monitoring is performed by a code which is integrated into the website code and sends specific information to the collector server each time the page is loaded. It helps to analyze customers actions on the site and analyze the traffic.
Monitoring services usually support different check protocols, and can monitor not only the websites, but also other entities like a file servers, mail servers, specific ports etc. Depending on task, monitoring interval can vary from several seconds to once per day.